Tag Archives: Internal Stock Transfers

Warehouse Management ( SAP WM ) Tutorial Guide

Computer support for the organization and management of warehouses has become imperative for timely, effective processing of logistic requirements within a company. The SAP Warehouse Management (WM) application provides flexible, automated support to assist you in processing all goods movements and in maintaining current stock inventories in your warehousing complex.

Contents of this Warehouse Management ( SAP WM ) Tutorial Guide

Warehouse Management Guide ….13
Warehouse Structure in the Warehouse Management System.. 17
Warehouse Number …… 22
Storage Type…………….. 23
Storage Section …………. 26
Picking Area……………… 28
Storage Bin ………………. 29
Creating Storage Bins  31
Editing Storage Bins… 34
Blocking and Unblocking Storage Bins ……………… 36
Displaying the Bin Status Report ….. 38
Displaying Warehouse Capacity …… 39
Quant ……. 40
Door ……… 41
Staging Area …………….. 43
Warehouse Management with Lean WM…………….. 44
Setting Up Lean WM.. 46
Basic Functions………… 48
Number Ranges………… 49
Foreground/Background Processing 51
Bar Code Use……………. 52
Authorization Checks … 53
Displaying Authorization Groups and Table Views 55
Archiving and Reorganization ……….. 56
Warehouse Controlling. 58
Displaying Material Movement Data  61
Function Modules and Customer Exits in WMS….. 62
WM in the SAP Retail System ………… 66
Planning and Monitoring ……………….. 67
Rough Workload Estimate……………… 68
Wave Picks……………….. 70
Wave Picks with Capacity Restrictions ……………… 72
Creating Wave Picks – Delivery Time ……………….. 74
Processing Wave Picks……………….. 77
Subsequent Functions for Wave Picks ……………… 78
Warehouse Activity Monitor…………… 81
Unconfirmed Transfer Orders ………. 84
Open Transfer Requirements……….. 85
Open Posting Change Notices……… 87
Open Deliveries……… 88
Critical Stock ………….. 89
Critical TRs for Production Supply … 91
Using the Warehouse Activity Monitor ………………. 92
Example: Displaying Unconfirmed Transfer Orders …………… 95
Basic Stock Management………………. 97
Material Master Data ….. 98
Defining Warehouse Data in the Material Master .. 99
Displaying the Material Master Record ……………. 101
The Quant and Stock Management in WM………… 102
Changing Quant Data ……………….. 105
Displaying Quant Information……… 106
Types of Stock………… 107
Stock Category ………… 109
Displaying Stock in the Warehouse ………………… 111
Blocking Stock in the Warehouse .. 112
Units of Measure ……… 113
Batch Management ….. 116
Shelf Life Expiration Date…………….. 118
Displaying Materials with a Shelf Life Expiration Date (SLED).. 119
Storing Materials in the Warehouse  120
WM Interface to Inventory Management (IM)…….. 121
Interim Storage Bins. 123
Creating Interim Bins with Predefined Coordinates………….. 125
Order of Postings in Integrated WM………………… 126
Posting First in IM………………… 127
Posting First in WM………………. 128
Comparing Stock Quantities in WM and IM…. 129
Hazardous Materials Management .. 130
Hazardous Material Records………… 132
Creating and Using Hazardous Material Records 133
Hazardous Material Evaluation Reports …………… 135
Displaying the Fire Department Inventory List ….. 136
Checking for Proper Storage of Hazardous Material …………….. 137
Displaying Stock with Hazardous Substances….. 138
Warehouse Movements ……………….. 139
Basics for Goods Movements………. 143
Movement Types in WM……………….. 144
Using Special Movement Indicators………………… 147
Transfer Requirement . 150
Creating Transfer Requirements…. 152
Creating Transfer Requirements ……………….. 154
Processing Transfer Requirements ……………. 156
Transfer Order …………. 159
Creating Transfer Orders …………… 161
Automatic Creation of TOs for Transfer Requirement ………. 163
Using a Transfer Order as a Pick Order in Lean WM……….. 164
Displaying Transfer Orders ………… 165
Print Transfer Orders and Labels… 166
Printing Transfer Orders and Labels…………… 170
Evaluating Transfer Orders………… 172
Confirming Transfer Orders ……….. 173
Confirming Transfer Orders …… 175
Packaging Notification to Shipping …………….. 177
Cancelling Transfer Orders………… 178
Transfer Order Split.. 179
Performance Data …. 181
Planned Data …… 182
Entering of Actual Data …………. 183
Handling Differences .. 185
Clearing Differences. 187
Storage of Pre-Picked Handling Units ……………… 188
Putting Away, Picking, and Transferring Pre-Packed HUs…….. 191
Goods Receipt …………. 193
Creating Transfer Orders Immediately at the IM Posting………. 195
Manual Creation of Transfer Orders for Putaway  197
Posting a Goods Receipt Based on a Purchase Order …………. 200
Posting Returns for Deliveries……… 201
Goods Receipt for Inspection ………. 202
Releasing Material from Inspection Stock………… 204
Releasing Stock in IM from Inspection…………….. 205
Goods Receipt Without a Previous Posting in IM 206
Example: Sample ABAP to Follow-up Postings in IM……………. 208
Creating a TO in WM without a Previous Posting in IM…………. 209
Negative Stock Check. 211
Stock Placement Using Storage Unit Types……… 212
Example: Using Storage Unit Types ……………….. 213
Cross-Docking………… 214
Stock Placement with Active Bypass ………………. 215
Setting up Active Bypass for Putaway …………….. 216
Adding Goods to Existing Stock ….. 217
Goods Issue……………. 218
Goods Issues Based Upon a Delivery………………. 220
Random Picking Using Transfer Orders ………….. 222
Pick-and-Pack During Picking… 224
Picking from a Fixed Bin without a Transfer Order ……………….. 226
Picking Quantities Based on Size .. 227
Goods Issue for a Delivery…………. 228
Creating a Delivery ………………. 229
Automatic Creation of Transfer Orders for Outbound Delivery………………. 230
Confirming a Transfer Order for a Delivery….. 232
Processing Differences for a Delivery…………. 233
Partial Picking ….. 234
Creating a TO for a Cancelled Delivery ………. 235
Goods Issue Based on an IM Posting ………………. 236
Goods Issue to a Cost Center…….. 238
Posting a Goods Issue to a Cost Center …….. 239
Creating a Transfer Order for a Material Document …………. 240
Manual Creation of Transfer Orders for Picking.. 241
Goods Issue for Production Supply 242
Pick Part …………. 245
Crate Part ………… 246
Release Order Part ……………….. 247
Setting up the Interface between PP and WM.. 248
Production Supply Areas …… 249
Creating a Control Cycle……. 250
Production Storage Bins ……. 251
The Material Staging Process…. 252
Creating a Production Order. 253
Displaying a Production Order………………… 254
Releasing a Production Order…………………. 255
Automatic Staging for WM…. 256
Displaying TRs for Material Staging ………… 258
Creating TRs for Material Staging Manually 259
Processing TRs for Material Staging ……….. 261
Posting a Goods Issue for Material Usage .. 263
Kanban Replenishment………….. 264
Handling Cancelled Kanbans 267
Material Staging for Repetitive Manufacturing.. 269
Staging Release Order Parts for Repetitive Manufacturing 272
Multiple Processing …………………. 273
Selecting TRs for Multiple Processing ………….. 275
Selecting Deliveries for Multiple Processing….. 277
Sample Report: Multiple Processing Selection………………. 278
Creating Transfer Orders for a Group…………… 279
Releasing Groups …………………. 280
Confirming TOs for a Group……. 281
Partial Processing of TRs and Deliveries………. 282
Analysis of Groups ………………… 283
2-Step Picking…….. 285
2-Step Picking Process ………….. 287
Work Method 1: Delivery to Goods………….. 288
Work Method 2: Goods to Delivery………….. 292
How to Carry Out 2-Step Picking …………………. 294
Using the Analysis Tool for 2-Step Picking ……. 297
Bestandsfindung …. 298
WM Interface to Quality Management ……………. 300
How the QM Interface Process Works …………… 301
Making Stock Placements Using the QM Interface …………….. 302
Examples: Making a Usage Decision …………… 305
Finding an Inspection Lot in the Warehouse …. 308
Examples for the Putaway of Inspection Stock  309
After Usage Decision: Sample Stored ………….. 310
After Usage Decision: Stock Returned to Vendor……………….. 311
After Usage Decision: Sample Destroyed……… 312
Before Usage Decision: Sample Stored ……….. 313
Before Usage Decision: Stock Returned to Vendor…………….. 314
Before Usage Decision: Sample Destroyed…… 315
Stock Transfers and Replenishment……………… 316
Plant/Storage Location to Plant/Storage Location ……………….. 317
Internal Stock Transfers ………………. 319
Moving Stock from One Storage Bin to Another .. 320
Replenishing Fixed Bins in the Warehouse ……… 321
Executing Replenishment for Fixed Bins …………. 322
Choose Logistics ( Logistics Execution ( Internal Whse Processes ( Stock Transfer (
Planning of Replenishments ( Based Upon Outb. Deliveries to be Selected from the SAP
menu. …………….. 323
Creating a Replenishment TO During TO Confirmation………… 324
Posting Changes in WM ………………. 326
Processing Posting Changes……….. 327
Displaying Posting Change Notices………………… 328
Automatic Creation of TOs for Posting Change Notices………… 329
Processing Posting Changes Entirely Within WM………………… 330
Example: Changing the Status of Consignment Stock ………….. 332
Processing Inspection Stock ……….. 334
Releasing Stock from Inspection…. 336
Releases from More than One Storage Type …… 338
Releasing Consignment Stock from Inspection .. 339
Processing Blocked Stock …………… 340
Converting Available Stock to Inspection Stock . 341
Changing a Material Number………… 342
Dividing Materials into Two or More Batches …… 344
Changing Stock Ownership from Plant to Plant .. 345
Storage Locations in TRs, TOs and Posting Changes………….. 346
Possible Scenarios Based on Storage Locations  348
Example: Stock Movement from GR Area…… 350
Example: Material Staging for Production …… 352
Putaway and Picking Strategies …… 354
Putaway Strategies ….. 355
Manual Entry ………… 359
Strategy F: Fixed Bin Storage…….. 360
Strategy C: Open Storage………….. 362
Strategy I: Addition to Existing Stock ………………. 363
Strategy L: Next Empty Storage Bin ……………….. 365
Strategy K: Putaway near Picking Bin …………….. 366
Strategy P: Storage Unit Type ……. 367
Example: Optional SUT Check When Creating a TO……….. 370
Strategy B: Bulk Storage……………. 371
Combined Placement……………. 374
Partial Quantities. 375
Blocking Transfers into a Row.. 376
Defining Time Limits for Block .. 377
Total ………………. 378
Round Off………… 379
Strategy Q: Dynamic Quant Number ………………. 380
Additional Factors that Affect Search Strategies  381
Cross-Line Stock Putaway…………. 382
Capacity Checking … 385
Capacity Checking Based on a Neutral Indicator …………….. 387
Picking Strategies ……. 390
Strategy F: FIFO (First In, First Out) ……………….. 392
Strategy: Stringent FIFO Across All Storage Types………………. 393
Strategy L: LIFO (Last In First Out) 394
Strategy A: Partial Quantities First. 395
Strategy M: According to Quantity . 396
Example: Rounding Off Requested Quantities………………… 398
Strategy H: Shelf Life Expiration Date …………….. 399
Strategy P: Fixed Storage Bin…….. 400
Stock Return Methods  401
Storage Unit Management……………. 403
Warehouse Management at the Storage Unit Level………………. 405
SU-Managed Storage Types…………. 407
Putaway using Storage Unit Management………… 409
Creating Storage Units………………. 410
Creating Homogeneous Storage Units ……….. 412
Creating Mixed Storage Units for a TR……….. 413
Adding Materials to an Existing Storage Unit . 414
Creating Storage Units Manually ……………….. 415
Automatic Bin Search………………… 417
Confirming Transfer Orders for Storage Units ….. 418
Displaying the Contents of a Storage Unit ……….. 419
Identification Point…. 420
Using an ID Point  422
Example: Putaway Using an ID Point…….. 423
Transferring a Storage Unit from the ID Point …………….. 424
Stock Picking Using Storage Unit Management .. 425
Partial Stock Removals ……………… 428
Pick Point …………….. 429
Picking Using a Pick Point …….. 431
Example: Returning Stock from a Pick Point………………. 432
SU-managed Bulk Storage …………… 435
System Controls……. 437
Transfer Order Processing for Stock Removals .. 440
Confirming SU-Neutral Transfer Order Items . 441
Partial Storage Unit Processing ….. 443
Example: Optimization in Bulk Storage ………. 445
Storage Unit Documents ……………… 446
Printing SU Documents Manually .. 448
Storage Unit Preplanning …………….. 449
Preplanning Storage Units via an ID Point……….. 451
Receiving Preplanned Storage Units ………………. 452
Handling Differences for Preplanned Storage Units ……………… 453
Blocking Storage Units………………… 454
Multiple Processing for SU Management …………. 455
Inventory ………………… 456
Controlling the Inventory Process… 458
Take Continuous Inventory………….. 460
Selecting Storage Bins………………. 462
Creating the System Physical Inventory Document………………. 463
Activating/Changing the Physical Inventory Document …………. 464
Printing the Physical Inventory Document ……….. 465
Closing the Inventory ………………… 466
Processing Inventory Differences in WM…………. 467
Entering the Inventory Results in WMS …………… 470
Using Batch Input for Inventory Count Results………………… 472
Take Annual Inventory 473
Executing the Cycle Counting Inventory Method  475
Cycle Counting at Quant Level …… 477
Take Continuous Inventory Based on Putaway… 479
Run a Zero Stock Check………………. 482
Example: Automatic Zero Stock Check …………… 485
Example: Manual Zero Stock Check……………….. 486
Interfaces to External Systems…….. 487
Automated Warehousing Systems.. 488
Mobile Data Entry (MDE)………………. 490
R/2-R/3 Link…………….. 491
General Communication Process…. 495
Link from Storage Location to R/3 Warehouse Number ………… 496
Master Data…………. 498
When Does Communication Take Place? ……….. 500
Communication Process R/2 -> R/3………………… 502
Communication Process R/3 -> R/2………………… 503
Technical Communication Process ……………. 504
Terms that Apply to the Communication Process ……………. 506
Record Types…… 507
Communication Technique ……. 510
Error Prevention Mechanisms .. 511
R/2 -> R/3 Processes… 512
Overview of R/2 -> R/3 Processes … 513
Material Master Maintenance……… 514
Creating the Material Master Record in R/2……… 516
Goods Receipt / Goods Issue …….. 522
Posting Changes in R/3 …………….. 528
Stock Transfers in R/3……………….. 530
Cancellation Posting  532
R/3 -> R/2 Processes… 534
Overview of R/3 -> R/2 Processes … 535
Stock Transfers from R/3 to R/2….. 537
Recording Differences……………….. 543
Cumulative Transmission of Differences R/3 -> R/2…………….. 546
Set-up for Inventory Differences Storage Type 999 …………. 549
Example: Set-up for Cumulative Postings …… 551
Bi-directional Processes ……………… 552
Connection to Shipping……………… 553
Setting up the Shipping Control Tables …………… 554
Relationship of R/3 Shipping to WM……………….. 555
Multiple Processing for Deliveries .. 556
Communication Administration……. 557
PART 1: R/2 -> R/3 Processes …… 558
Setting up the R/2 Control Tables………………. 559
Connecting R/2 Movement Types to R/3…….. 561
Queue Management in R/2……. 563
Receiving Communication Documents in R/3  565
The Analysis Tool ………………… 567
Reposting Communication Documents in R/3 569
Mail Control in the R/3 System . 571
PART 2: R/3 -> R/2 Processes …… 573
Setting up the R/3 Control Tables………………. 574
Sending Communication Documents from R/3 to R/2………. 576
Queue Handling in the R/3 System ……………. 578
Receiving Communication Documents in R/2  579
Using the R/2 Analysis Tool…… 580
Reposting Communication Documents in R/2 581
PART 3: Additional Information….. 583
Reorganization of Communication Records … 584
Polling of R/2 Data ……………….. 585
IMS Connection for the WM R/2 – R/3 Interface ………………. 586
Mobile Data Entry …….. 587
Goods Receipt and Goods Issue….. 592
GR/GI: Selected by Delivery ………. 593
GR/GI: Selected by Handling Unit.. 596
GR/GI: Selected by Staging Area .. 599
GR/GI: Selected by Shipment…….. 602
GR/GI: Selected by Other Criteria.. 605
GI: Selected by Group……………….. 608
Putaway. 610
Putaway: Selected by Storage Unit ………………… 611
Putaway: Clustered .. 613
Putaway: Selected by Transfer Order……………… 615
Putaway: System-Guided…………… 617
Putaway: Selected by Delivery……. 619
Interleaving …………….. 621
Interleaving: Selected by Storage Unit…………….. 622
Interleaving: System-Guided………. 623
Picking/Replenishment………………… 624
Picking: Selected by Transfer Order ……………….. 626
Picking: Selected by Delivery……… 628
Picking/Replenishment: System-Guided………….. 630
Movement: Selected by Storage Unit ……………… 632
Pick and Pack ………. 634
Pick and Pack by Delivery………….. 636
Pack and Unpack……… 638
Pack .. 639
Unpack ……………….. 641
Inventory ………………… 642
Executing Storage Bin Count ……… 643
Storage Bin Count: System-Guided………………… 644
Executing Storage Unit Count…….. 645
Storage Unit Count: System-Guided……………….. 646
Posting Changes…… 647
Inquiries. 648
Inquiries: Stock Overview…………… 649
Inquiries: Handling Unit ……………… 650
Load and Unload ……… 651
Load/ Unload: Selected by Shipment………………. 652
Load/ Unload: Selected by Delivery………………… 654
Load: System-Guided ……………….. 656
Load: Inquiries……… 658
Inquiries: Load by Shipment ….. 659
Inquiries: Load by Delivery…….. 660
Inquiries: Load by Handling Unit………………… 661
RF Activity Control Using the RF Monitor ………… 662
Defining a Queue and Changing the Assignment 664
Recovery ………………… 665
User Exit  666
User Exit Screens …. 667
Defining a Screen ………………… 669
Assigning a Screen ………………. 670
Verification with User Exit ………….. 671
Sorting Using the User Exit ………… 672
Printing Using the User Exit ……….. 674
Deactivating Function Codes with the User Exit .. 675
Adding Function Keys to Screens.. 676
Using Bar Codes………. 677

Read this Warehouse Management ( SAP WM ) Tutorial Guide